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Cost of smoking to the North East revealed

New figures published for World No Tobacco Day (May 31) show how smoking costs the North East a massive £613 million a year.

 

Cost

 

The figures show the additional pressure that smoking is putting on hospitals and GP surgeries, with a £127.5 million bill to the NHS from over 1.2 million GP consultations, over 256,000 hospital admissions and outpatient visits, and 693,133 GP prescriptions every year. [1].

 

With many current and former smokers requiring care in later life as a result of smoking-related illnesses, smoking costs North East local authorities an additional £46.3m a year to fund social care, as well as individuals and families paying out £38.4m a year to fund their own social care.

 

The costs also include:

  • 5,584 early deaths from smoking every year
  • A cost of £386.4m to the regional economy and businesses, including 6211 years  of lost economic activity from early deaths costing businesses around £148.4m, £73.2 million due to absenteeism from smoking-related illnesses, losing around 794,000 days of lost productivity, and £164.8 million from smoking breaks
  • £15.1 million as a result of smoking related house fires
  • 224 tonnes of cigarette waste annually, of which 94 tonnes is discarded as street litter which must be collected by local authorities
  • Smokers spend an average of £2,050 on cigarettes each year – around £757 million in total

 

Ailsa Rutter OBE, director of Fresh, said: "We already know that smoking deprives people of many years of good health and robs families of years they could spend with loved ones.


"But these figures show the damage it does to communities, costing every individual, every family, every GP surgery, every council, business and hospital. It is also a major driver of poverty.


"We have seen the highest falls in smoking in England here in the North East and our local authorities deserve huge credit for working together to tackle this. However, smoking remains our largest cause of preventable death – the aim has to be to continue efforts to make smoking history for more children growing up here in the region."


The Government's Tobacco Plan for England "Towards a Smokefree Generation" outlines the importance of the NHS supporting smokers using, visiting or working in the NHS to quit.  A 2016 audit by the British Thoracic Society found that more than 1 in 4 hospital patients were not asked if they smoke and 50% of frontline staff are not given routine smoking cessation training [2].

 

Given the enormous burden tobacco places on society, ASH and Fresh argue that the tobacco industry should be forced to pay to address the harm it causes in line with the 'polluter pays' principle [3].


It is estimated that tobacco companies in the UK make a collective annual profit of around £1 billion [4]. ASH and Fresh call for the Government to place a levy on the tobacco industry with the money raised used to fund support for the recurring costs of tobacco control measures to reduce smoking prevalence, such as mass media campaigns, cessation services and local authority enforcement to prevent illicit trade and underage sales.


Figures from the Smokefree Great Britain Survey 2018 (YouGov) measuring public opinion show:

  • A majority of adults in the North East believe that the Government is either not doing enough (39%) or doing about right (37%) to limit smoking. Only 8% think the Government is doing enough to limit smoking
  • Only 9% of people agree with the statement: 'Tobacco companies behave ethically'

 

Media and local authorities can use this web tool to break the data down to local level so they can see the impact on their communities. http://ash.lelan.co.uk/

 

References
[1] Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) Local Costs of Smoking Tool
[2] British Thoracic Society
[3] Smoking Still Kills, 2015 – this report produced by ASH and funded by Cancer Research UK and endorsed by 129 organisations, set out the case for making the 'polluter pay' and placing a levy on the tobacco industry to fund work to reduce the number of people who smoke. http://ash.org.uk/information-and-resources/reports-submissions/reports/smoking-still-kills/

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